Reform of professional groups as an expression of the Durkheim conception of the State
Professional groups are a constant reference for the Durkheim analysis of the division of social labour. However, according to Durkheim, they require a legislator in order to gain real substance. The restitution right, initially forged for the sake of observation of social solidarity, at the beginning of the 20th century became the tool making it possible to envisage such an action from the State. The reform stemmed from the civil service organization where it was part of a status, going on to touch other professional groups. By means of this action, the State drew closer to social activities, without actually mixing with them.