1999 - Volume 40 > Numéro 3

ISSN 0035-2969

A societal analysis of the relations between feminine and masculine activities Comparison between France and Japan
Hiroatsu NOHARA

pp. 531-558


This text proposes a comparative study between France and Japan of the structuring of feminine and masculine activities in society, underlining in particular the comparison between models of feminine activity which form a pertinent analysis of interdependence between work, family and society. Based on macro-statistical methodology, this text aims at showing that the « national » feminine-activity model is neither a result only of choice founded on a calculation between cost and advantage within the household considered as a capital space, nor of an omnipotent national culture, but is based on the interaction between the roles of strategic actors and the family representation crystallized around the policies of public authorities. This arbitration within the household, which does not necessarily exclude calculation, takes place in a space which is highly structured not only as a result of cultural tradition but also, more particularly so, because of societal conventions built up differently from one society to another.



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