Has ethnic-racial segregation increased in the Paris metropolis ?
Changes in ethnic-racial segregation in the Paris metropolis are analyzed over the last three census periods. Immigrants are studied in terms of groups of national origin, to which is added proportion of second-generation immigrants, identifiable by means of the census data. The main analytic scale used is the Paris administrative unit and the Paris neighborhood. Dissimilarity and segregation indices, together with concentrations by administrative unit, show that segregation most strongly affects North African, sub-Saharan and Turkish immigrants ; that segregation level is rising moderately ; that ethnic-racial segregation is much stronger than socio-economic segregation but also far below racial segregation levels in American cities : the vast majority of immigrants in France live in neighborhoods where they represent a minority, meaning they are living in residentially mixed situations, not ghettos.